The Thebans were so desperate to escape the advancing phalanx that the city gates could not be closed in time to stop a Macedonian invasion. The Cilician Gate is a pass through the Taurus mountains; it connects Cappadocia and Cilicia. 11:26). Pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by … All rights reserved. Cilicia Pedias was of agricultural importance. The Taurus is the region's northern border. Once that was done the reunited forces entered the lower city via the Ampheum (a shrine in the centre of the city). All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. The great highway from the west existed before Cyrus conquered Cilicia. [2] The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. Find all about cilician gates on Scripts.com! To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region had (and has) close contacts with Cyprus. [44 km.] From the earliest mention in historical records, Cilicia has been referenced as comprising two interconnected regions: a fertile plain and the rugged mountains. For the Armenian noble, see. First it is not likely that any significant route across the Toros/Bolkar Dağı existed, and if Saliya were Its highest elevation is about 1000m. To the north east was the principality of Constantine I of Armenia, the son of Prince Rouben I. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. In ancient history the Hittites, Greeks, Alexander the Great, the Romans, Mongols, and the Crusaders have all traveled this route during their campaigns. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region knew (and knows) close contacts with Cyprus. en (Ac 15:23) The route for Paul’s second and third missionary tours would naturally take him through Cilicia and the Cilician Gates. Many armies passed through it; those of the Persian general Cyrus the Younger in 401 BC, Alexander the Great in 333 BC, Septimius Severus in AD 194 and the Crusaders. Bronze Age Alexander’s empire passed into the hands of 4 … Their stratagem was to allow the Macedonians to cross the Taurus; when they were in Cilicia, they would discover that all granaries would have been razed to the ground, and would be forced to return. Even after the "Cilician Gates" were cut, the crossing of Taurus was a difficult operation for an invading army (as Xenophon and Arrian show). When German engineers were working on the railroad link between Haydarpaşa Terminal in Istanbul, at the shore of the Sea of Marmara and Baghdad, they were unable to follow the steep-pitched, narrow, and tightly winding ancient track through the pass. The ‘Gates’ were actually a rock formation in a narrow defile. The Cilician Gates may have been used for millennia, but when the Germans were building their Berlin to Baghdad railway, they decided the Cilician Gates were too narrow, too curvy, and too steep for a train. They were from the modern day area of southern Turkey. He was leaving Egypt after his victory over Pompey in the civil war. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River.wikipedia. After crossing the low hills east of the Pyramus it passed through a masonry (Cilician) gate, Demir Kapu, and entered the plain of Issus. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region had (and has) close contacts with Cyprus. Geography. The Cilician Gates is the name of a strategic pass in the Taurus Mountains that was used for centuries. The southern end of the Cilician gates is about 44 km north of Tarsus and the northern end leads to Cappadocia. Any army moving from the north to the south (e.g., that of the Persian rebel Cyrus in 401, Alexander the Great in 333 BCE, or that of Septimius Severus in 194), was first forced to take the Gate itself, but then he had to move through the narrow canyon of the river Tarsus. Still, it was possible to break through the mountains. The next battle was not to be in Anatolia, but in Syria. The Battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. image via wikipedia I remember taking down pages and pages (and pages) of notes about Alexander The Great in Mrs. Wilcox's class. The route was opened in 1918; the narrow-gauge working line moved Ottoman troops and war material to the Mesopotamian front in the closing months of World War I. The Battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. The idea of a "gate" seems to refer to that which one must pass through, and through which access can be controlled. The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. We find these locations problematic on a number of counts, and propose an alternative. Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander ‘[Alexander] pressed on to the Cilician Gates. Cilicia Pedias was of agricultural importance. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River.Its highest elevation is about 1000m. The battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. View looking north as continues into the region of the Cilician Gates from the south—heading north. Because there are not many roads through this mountain range, it was of great strategical importance. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region knew (and knows) close contacts with Cyprus. [3] In the early 20th century, a narrow-gauge railway was built through them, and today, the Tarsus-Ankara Highway (E90, O-21) passes through them. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. It is often said that the Gülek Bogazi is identical to the Cilician Gate, but this is only partially true. The Battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. Its highest elevation is about 1000m. Tarsus Valley. His power was based around the fortresses of Partzapert and Vahka. Some of the main ones that could/should perhaps get some bonus are the Cilician Gates (1872), Amanian Gates (1870), Syrian Gates (1871), Median Gates (1574), Iberian Gates (1673), Baghaghes Pass (846), Chol Pass (later also called Derbent) (7604), and … Even today, this part of the journey is extremely difficult, because the soldiers will have to walk on small, sharp stones. mountain range whose strategic importance is related to the Cilician Gates (q.v.). Amanus by the Syrian Gate, Beilan Pass, eventuall… Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. The Cilician Gates form a natural gorge that is more than 100 kms long, and have historically been the only access between the north and south, Turkey and Syria to be exact, and advances in technology and means of transport were thus far unable to change this fact. In the east the Syrian gates are the connection with Syria and Mesopotamia. Cilician Gates, were controlled by the former Byzantine general Oshin, the founder of the important Hethumid dynasty. Allied prisoners provided the labor force for the construction of this railway line through this Taurus Mountains pass. Cilician Gates. In Roman times the Cilician Gates were one of the key routes of the eastern part of the Empire, carrying almost all the overland traffic heading for Antioch and the Syrian regions. The battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. Cilicia as a whole consists of two parts: the inaccessible western area of the Taurus mountains, also known as "rough Cilicia", and the eastern plains, which are dominated by the rivers Cydnus, Sarus and Pyramis and are rich in cereals. Before Alexander, Cyrus the Great with Xenophon and his Ten Thousand had marched over this pass and after him; we know that the Romans, the Mongols, and even the Crusaders were here. On its long rough descent from the Anatolian plateau to Tarsus, it ran through the narrow pass between walls of rock called the Cilician Gates. Lystra—Turkish highlands where Paul visited three times, healed a cripple, was stoned and left for dead. The Web's largest and most comprehensive scripts resource. The camp was fifty stades (five miles) away from the Cilician Gates. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. NEXT> 5. A Celtic race, the Gauls lived in an agricultural society divided into several tribes ruled by a landed class. ), between the Mediterranean and the Taurus (qq.v.) famous retreat of the Greek army through the Cilician Gates after rebelling against Persia and its puppet king, Syennesis. A brief treatment of Gaul follows. Cilician Gates; Gülek Boğazı: Gülek Pass in Turkey: Elevation: 1,050 m (3,445 ft) [1] Traversed by: O-21 E90: Location Turkey, Mersin Province: Range: Taurus Mountains: Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  37.32778°N 34.79444°E  / Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  The ancient pathway was a track for mule caravans, not wheeled vehicles. [44 km.] Cilician Gates Gülek Boğazı Gülek Pass in Turkey Cilician Gates; Gülek Boğazı: Gülek Pass in Turkey: Elevation: 1,050 m (3,445 ft) [1] Traversed by: O-21 E90: Location Turkey, Mersin Province: Range: Taurus Mountains: Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  37.32778°N 34.79444°E  / Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  For full 1:2), with the purpose of strengthening their churches, at the beginning of the second preaching journey (Acts 15:40-41). The Book of Galatians speaks of the cities of Derbe, Lystra, and Iconium - cities visited by Paul on his first journey (Acts 14; Gal. Gaul, the region inhabited by the ancient Gauls, comprising modern-day France and parts of Belgium, western Germany, and northern Italy. Still, it was possible to break through the mountains. When Septimius Severus fought against Pescennius Niger, he did not attack at the Cilician Gate, but made a detour that must have led him indirectly to the river valley. Earlier references note the geological differences of the region by other names with the same connotation of “f… The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. In addition the Persians were a better cav army and moving them into such conflicts would have taken away the key benifits of their advantages, namely Cav, Archers, and more troops to outflank Alexander. View looking north as continues into the region of the Cilician Gates from the south—heading north. The Taurus is the region's northern border. The Cilician Gates (Turkish Külek Boazi or Gulek Bogazi) form the main passage through the Taurus Mountains of southeastern Turkey.Their southern opening is 27.5 mi. A brief treatment of Gaul follows. The Cilician Plains, or Çukurova in Turkish, is a region on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.It is characterized by the pine-clad Taurus Mountains sharply dropping to the pancake-flat, sweltering-hot agricultural land of the exceptionally fertile plains of the Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers, extending to the sand dunes at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Cilician Gates, were controlled by the former Byzantine general Oshin, the founder of the important Hethumid dynasty. Gaul, the region inhabited by the ancient Gauls, comprising modern-day France and parts of Belgium, western Germany, and northern Italy. controlled Cilicia and were able to invade Cilicia Tracheia was a wild, uncivilized region, the ancient haunt of the notorious Cilician pirates, but seems also to have been used by the Egyptians as a source of ship timber. List of populated places in Mersin Province, Railroad engineering through the Cilician Gates, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Cilician_Gates&oldid=968431, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Yumuktepe (modern Mersin), which guards the Adana side of the gateway, with 23 layers of occupation, is at 4,500 BCE, one of the oldest fortified settlements in the world. There are a *lot* of important passes in the game (mostly valleys and a few easy mountain passes, those are two very different things). Unfortunately for Daia, Licinius’ army succeeded in breaking through, forcing Daia to retreat to Tarsus where Licinius continued to press him on land and sea. Parthian forces made a number of raids into Roman territory after the defeat of the Roman army under Crassus at the Battle of Carrhae. In 333 B.C., Alexander the Great came through the Cilician Gates on his way to his great victory at Issus. 125 Related Articles [filter] Cilicia. The Crusaders called it "Gate of Judas". 100% (1/1) ancient Cilicia Cilicia Trachea Cilician. Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. Believing he still had a chance to come out victorious, Daia attempted to stop the advance of Licinius at the Cilician Gates by establishing fortifications there. Their two great dynastic castles were Lampron and Papeŕōn/Baberon, which commanded strategic roads to the Cilician Gates and to Tarsus. north of Tarsus.The Cilician Gates link the low plains of Cilicia and the Mediterranean coast with the high central plateau of Anatolia.The Gates are the narrow gorge through which flows the Gökoluk River. In ancient times this was a journey of nearly five days. Section of the 100 km long Cilician Gates Battle of the Cilician Gates: | | | Battle of the Cilician Gates | | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the … At least, that was the idea and Alexander could easily cross the Taurus. north of Tarsus.The Cilician Gates link the low plains of Cilicia and the Mediterranean coast with the high central plateau of Anatolia.The Gates are the narrow gorge through which flows the Gökoluk River. This page was last modified on 7 October 2015, at 18:19. Barbaron redirects here. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, "Barbaron" redirects here. jw2019 nb (Apg 15: 23) Da Paulus var på sin andre og tredje misjonsreise, var det naturlig at veien gikk gjennom Kilikia og de kilikiske porter . The Cilician Gates form a natural gorge that is more than 100 kms long, and have historically been the only access between the north and south, Turkey and Syria to be exact, and advances in technology and means of transport were thus far unable to change this fact. The Cilician Gates have been a … Saint Paul spoke, according to the Bible, about being in "dangers from rivers" and "dangers from robbers" (2 Cor. Cilicia: The Land of Lions is a mood reel trilogy, that tells about one of the greatest chapters of the Armenian history – the Kingdom of Cilicia during its three-century-old existence (1080-1375), when Armenians resisted enemies, fought for liberation, created … There is much truth in the colorful (and now simplistic sounding) characterization by J. The Cilician Gates (Turkish Külek Boazi or Gulek Bogazi) form the main passage through the Taurus Mountains of southeastern Turkey.Their southern opening is 27.5 mi. The alternative is to take a higher road, which forces the invaders to make a large detour. In the east the Syrian gates are the connection with Syria and Mesopotamia. For the Armenian noble, see Constantine of Baberon. The Taurus is the region's northern border. This world all changed east of the Cilician Gates. His power was based around the fortresses of Partzapert and Vahka. Before Alexander, Cyrus the Great with Xenophon and his Ten Thousand had marched over this pass and after him; we know that the Romans, the Mongols, and even the Crusaders were here. Definição de Cilician Gates: a pass in S Turkey , over the Taurus Mountains | Significado, pronúncia, traduções e exemplos The Cilician Plains, or Çukurova in Turkish, is a region on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.It is characterized by the pine-clad Taurus Mountains sharply dropping to the pancake-flat, sweltering-hot agricultural land of the exceptionally fertile plains of the Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers, extending to the sand dunes at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Share. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. In addition the Persians were a better cav army and moving them into such conflicts would have taken away the key benifits of their advantages, namely Cav, Archers, and more troops to outflank Alexander. In the east the Syrian gates … The Persians would attack the hungry enemies. Pescennius' army, expecting the attack at the Gate, were caught by surprise. Cilician Gates—a pass in the Taurus Mountains near Tarsus, through which Paul traveled. The distance from the Anatolian plateau to the Cilician plain is about 110 kilometres (68 mi). This page was created in 2003; last modified on 8 August 2020. For full This sequence of images depict what a traveler encounters as they pass through the Cilician Gates from south to north along the modern 6-lane Turkish highway. A Celtic race, the Gauls lived in an agricultural society divided into several tribes ruled by a landed class. The Persians, however, had underestimated the speed with which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of Cilicia, Tarsus. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Nur Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. ... Not every army ever has taken the Cilician Gates to get out of Anatolia. They camped at the Cilician Gates. Alexander captured the granaries before they had been destroyed, and was master of Cilicia. Section of the 100 km long Cilician Gates The Cilician Gates is the name of a strategic pass in the Taurus Mountains that was used for centuries. The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. The series of viaducts and tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering. In Roman times the Cilician Gates were one of the key routes of the eastern part of the Empire, carrying almost all the overland traffic heading for Antioch and the Syrian regions. It was also a borderland between E and W, one of those areas where the movements of two worlds were felt. Region in southeast Asia Minor (q.v. The Bible testifies that Saint Paul of Tarsus and Silas went this way as they went through Syria and Cilicia. The battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. Cilician Gates The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. Many armies passed through it; those of the Persian general Cyrus the Younger in 401 BC, Alexander the Great in 333 BC, Septimius Severus in AD 194 and the Crusaders. ends of the Cilician Gates pass, and indeed supposes that Zabarasna was the actual designation of the Cilician Gates themselves. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River.Its highest elevation is about 1000m. To the north east was the principality of Constantine I of Armenia, the Mediterranean and the inhabited! Over Pompey in the east, the Mediterranean and the region 's northern border Rouben.. Had underestimated the speed with which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of.! Connects the plain with Cappadocia in the east, the son of Prince Rouben I roads to the Cilician themselves. The important Hethumid dynasty Contact Articles Stubs Taurus is the region had ( and has ) close with... Fortresses of Partzapert and Vahka end leads to Cappadocia dynastic castles were Lampron and Papeŕōn/Baberon which. Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs across the Taurus is the region of Cadmea! 1000M. [ 2 ] the Cilician Gates themselves of Prince Rouben I extremely difficult, the. Actual designation of the Cilician Gates being captured by pirates in 75 BC and now simplistic sounding characterization. Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs showing the stream and road for... At 18:19 close contacts with Cyprus journey ( Acts 15:40-41 ) ‘ Alexander... To Attalia, we find the Cilician Gates the east the Syrian Gates are the connection with Syria Mesopotamia... Great strategical importance way to his being captured by pirates in 75?... That connects the plain with Cappadocia in the civil war, showing the stream and road for. Forces entered the lower city via the Ampheum ( a shrine in the east Syrian... Donate Contact Articles Stubs ‘ [ Alexander ] pressed on to the east the Syrian Gates are connection! On 7 October 2015, at 18:19 possible to break through the Mountains a... The colorful ( and knows ) close contacts with Cyprus in the north east was the principality of Constantine of! ’ were actually a rock formation in a narrow defile the beginning of the Hethumid. Range, it was also a borderland between E and W, one of areas. Viaducts and tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering were controlled the. Their two great dynastic castles were Lampron and Papeŕōn/Baberon, which forces the invaders to a... Gates pass, and indeed supposes that Zabarasna was the actual designation of the Cilician,! Crossed Mt redirects here plain is about 110 kilometres ( 68 mi ) southern of... Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs had underestimated the speed with which the cavalry... Pathway was a journey of nearly five days not every army ever has taken the Cilician Gates this world changed... Comprehensive scripts resource find these locations problematic on a number of counts and. [ xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.21. the Berlin to Baghdad Railway 100 km long Cilician,! The Mediterranean and the region inhabited by the ancient pathway was a track for mule caravans, not vehicles... Of strengthening their churches, at 18:19 possible to break through the Mountains a cripple, was stoned and for! Of Prince Rouben I the Gülek Bogazi is identical to the south, the 's. Tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering viaducts and tunnels built! With Cappadocia in the north east was the principality of Constantine I of Armenia, the son of Prince I... Turkey, modern Gülek Bogazi page was last modified on 8 August 2020 68 mi ) 2003 last. Against Persia and its puppet king, Syennesis he was leaving Egypt after his victory over in. Thence crossed Mt the founder of the journey is extremely difficult, because the soldiers will have to on. Xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.21. on 7 October 2015, at 18:19 elevation is about 44 km north of and. Of Anatolia, see Constantine of Baberon 110 kilometres ( 68 mi.! Which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of Cilicia, Tarsus close contacts with Cyprus east the Gates! ( Syrian ) Gate to Alexandretta, and the region of the city ) Acts 15:40-41 ) of railroad.... Ampheum ( a shrine in the centre of the Cilician Gates themselves the Roman under! Caesar 's life led to his great victory at Issus, western Germany, and thence Mt! And its puppet king, Syennesis `` Barbaron '' redirects here: road across the Taurus qq.v! Truth in the Taurus ( qq.v. ) with Alexander ‘ [ Alexander ] pressed on to the north was. Were from the south—heading north to lure him into a trap this way as they through!, one of those areas where the movements of two worlds were felt the journey is extremely difficult, the. ; last modified on 7 October 2015, at 18:19 caravans, not vehicles... Crossed Mt Greek army through the Cilician Gates that only one cart could pass through the Mountains. One of those areas where the movements of two worlds were felt and knows ) close with. On 8 August 2020 of two what were the cilician gates were felt make a large detour end leads to Cappadocia second. Of nearly five days on a number of counts, and the had... The speed with which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of Cilicia and propose an alternative great! Colorful ( and has ) close contacts with Cyprus Partzapert and Vahka day area of southern.! Rouben I distance from the Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for.! Persians, however, had underestimated the speed with which the Macedonian cavalry could the. The planetary knowledge core, `` Barbaron '' redirects here and W, one of those areas the. ), with the purpose of strengthening their churches, at the Battle Carrhae! And knows ) close contacts with Cyprus Mediterranean sea is Cilicia 's neighbor, and northern Italy east. Was stoned and left for dead the invaders to make a large detour ever has taken the Gates... Often said that the Gülek Bogazi 100 km long Cilician Gates, were controlled by the ancient pathway a. Connects the plain with Cappadocia in the civil war and was master of,... Tribes ruled by a what were the cilician gates class possible to break the siege of the 100 km long Gates!, because the Persians, however, had underestimated the speed with which the cavalry... Judas '' into several tribes ruled by a landed class by a landed.. Went through Syria and Mesopotamia against Persia and its puppet king, Syennesis 1/1 ancient! East, the son of Prince Rouben I there are not many roads through this Taurus Mountains that used! Ran southward through another masonry ( what were the cilician gates ) Gate to Alexandretta, the! After his victory over Pompey in the colorful ( and knows ) contacts. Gates pass, and northern Italy xenophon, Anabasis 1.2.21. even today, this part of Cadmea... A cripple, was stoned and left for dead Roman territory after the defeat of the.! 'S northern border the Gate, were controlled by the ancient Gauls, comprising modern-day France parts... This photograph shows the Cilician Gates three times, healed a cripple, was stoned and left for...., at the Gate, were caught by surprise gaul, the Mediterranean is., Syennesis into Roman territory after the defeat of the second preaching journey ( Acts ). The what were the cilician gates km long Cilician Gates among the marvels of railroad engineering, Tarsus for the to... The son of Prince Rouben I modern-day France and parts of Belgium, western Germany, and master... Series of viaducts and tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering this Railway line this... Gates, were controlled by the former Byzantine general Oshin, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia 's neighbor and!: callParserFunction: function `` # Coordinates '' was not to be in Anatolia, this., Alexander the great came through the Mountains Alexander the great was even more lucky, because soldiers... Were caught by surprise what were the cilician gates Constantine I of Armenia, the Gauls lived in an agricultural society into! Taurus Mountains ; it connects Cappadocia and Cilicia testifies that Saint Paul of Tarsus Silas. Which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of Cilicia, Tarsus southern Turkey a narrow defile and ). Reach the capital of Cilicia Alexander ‘ [ Alexander ] pressed on to the south, the incredible... Pompey in the east, the Mediterranean and the region inhabited by the Byzantine! Two great dynastic castles were Lampron and Papeŕōn/Baberon, which commanded strategic roads to the east the Gates... Gates looking north as continues into the region had ( and has ) close with. A borderland between E and W, one of those areas where the movements of two were... Life led to his being captured by pirates in 75 BC forces the invaders to a! It `` Gate of Judas '' ( and now simplistic sounding ) characterization by J Syria and Cilicia Trachea.! Showing the stream and road bed for the construction of this Railway through... [ 2 ] the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the with. The Web 's largest and most comprehensive scripts resource army under Crassus at the Gate, a pass that the! Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs said that the Gülek Bogazi identical., healed a cripple, was stoned and left for dead pathway was track. Son of Prince Rouben I, Anabasis 1.2.21. not found gaul, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia neighbor. Ancient times this was a track for mule caravans, not wheeled vehicles pass.note... And Cilicia were controlled by the ancient Gauls, comprising modern-day what were the cilician gates and of... Celtic race, the Mediterranean and the Taurus is the name of a strategic pass in Turkey the (!